Back to you my blog…
As promised earlier that we shall now discuss on Dysentery and Typhoid Fever of the three Water-bourne Diseases:-
!DYSENTERY, any idea?
Dysentery is caused by shigellosis, a bacterium; is classified a Bacillary dysentery while Amoebic dysentery is caused by Entamoeba histolytica, an amoeba.
Symptoms of Bacillary Dysentery
- Fever, Bloody diarrhoea, abdominal cramps, Fever and nausea and rectal pain.
Symptoms of Amoebic Dysentery
- Mild diarrhoea with blood and mucus
- Persistent low-grade abdominal discomfort and nausea
Contamination can spread by the following
- Eating fruits and vegetables contaminated by human faeces. Eating food contaminated with the faeces of people who are infected or people who carry the germs or when faeces is used as fertilizer.
- By flies
- Transmitted by hand to mouth transfer: when infected people contaminates surfaces of things
- By anal intercourse
How to treat dysentery – use fluid replacement and use of certain antibiotics dispensed by medical professionals.
- Wash all raw foods before eating
- Washing hands after using the toilet
- Wash hands before and after eating
! TYPHOID FEVER
Typhoid Fever is caused by bacterium Salmonella typhi which only affect humans. Untreated infection may cause patients develop stupor, coma, shock and even death. This is a serious infection and the elderly, the young and the malnourished are most at risk. Typhoid Fever spreads by eating contaminated food and drinking contaminated water with typhoid bacteria caused by poor sanitation or poor hygiene.
The Typhoid Fever symptoms
- Loss of appetite, stomach cramps, nausea, joint pains, sore throat
- Fever, sweating and general feeling of being unwell
- Severe headache and sometimes with hoarse cough, nose bleeds, painful urination, constipation or diarrhoea. When infected, it takes about 1 to 3 weeks before the symptoms show and can last a week to two months.
P.S. Please check your doctor’s opinion when symptoms occur for early detection of the infection.
How to prevent Typhoid Fever
- Wash your hands before and after eating
- Maintain the high standard of sanitation
- Drink only boiled water or battled water
- Be vaccinated against typhoid two weeks before travelling w 3 yrs protection except people who are: HIV or AIDS, Ill people and people taking antibiotics, Pregnant women and children under six years of age.
How to treat Typhoid Fever – Appropriate antibiotics prescribed by certified medical doctors.
In as much as the subjects are concerned (Dysentery and Typhoid Fever). It is wise for you to find out more details if you wish or if you suspect being infected. A doctor’s professional guidance is one best option.
Take care everyone, have a great life! Thank you.
goingfabulous signing off w love